Smart city founded by the Greeks in Corinth around 734 BC.
It knew an alternation of periods of brightness and darkness during the many dominations (Arab, Norman, Spanish, etc..) During which enriched and then was stripped of great works of art.
During most flourishing became one of the most important cities in the Mediterranean.
Great is the importance of Catacombs, the ancient Christian cemeteries that extend under most urban areas today (those of St. John, St. Lucia, Vigna Cassia).
Forte is the presence of Latomie, ancient stone quarries later used extraction of blocks as prisons for enemies on which Syracuse received victories (important ones of Paradise, the Capuchin).
Today, the city has about 125,000 inhabitants, is a destination for tourists of every nationality that it recognize one of the most important cradles of civilization Greek.
Some of the most important architectural treasures can be found on the island of Ortigia, historic center of the city.
Here you can admire the beautiful cathedral, built on the structure of the pagan temple of Athena, where relics are kept some of the Body of S. Lucia, donated over the centuries to the Church of Syracuse, and Simulacro silvery revered during the festivities dedicated to the Holy Patroness, the Temple of Apollo; Palazzo Bellomo, the Source Aretusa and many monuments, archaeological sites and buildings of architectural every age.
Equally important is the district of Santa Lucia Borgata, which includes among its streets Via degli Orti di San Giorgio, where lacrimò the prodigious picture in chalk in 1953; Piazza Santa Lucia, which insists the Basilica of the Sepulcher (inside which is housed the work of Caravaggio "The burial of Santa Lucia") erected in honor of Santa Lucia on the presumed site of the martyrdom and next to which the octagonal temple, where there is a Sepulcher where the body of Lucia was guarded for centuries, and from which branch off the catacombs dedicated to the Holy Patroness; Via del Sanctuary and adjacent areas on which stands the magnificent basilica dedicated to Our Lady of Tears; countless other archaeological sites.
The Park Neapolis, archaeological heart of the city on which insist the ear of Dionysius, the Greek Theater, the Roman Amphitheater, Cordari Grotto of the Church of St. Nicholas to Cordari, the alleged tomb of Archimedes, Santa Latomie Venera.
Piazza San Giovanni, which is built on the church, the first Cathedral of Syracuse and the first church in the world dedicated to Christ after that of Antioch and below which branch out grandiose catacombs, within which there is the crypt San Marciano (the first bishop of Syracuse sent directly from St. Peter), and where in 1894 the archaeologist Paolo Orsi discovered inscription Euskia (Euskia, blameless, and pure good lived for years about 25, died on the feast of my Santa Lucia, for which there has praise condegno; was Christian, loyal, perfect, grateful to her husband for a lot of gratitude) simple marble slab dating to the end of the fourth - beginning of the fifth century, considered one of the most important documents relating to cult of the Holy Patroness of Syracuse.
Numerous archaeological sites emerge in various parts of the city. Just look at the park in front of the Sanctuary of Our Lady of Tears (Piazza della Vittoria) and the garden of the latter, this site, which also extends inside the space behind the Hospital Umberto I, where they were found important finds . A Syracuse, in fact, just do simple work of digging to discover priceless treasures.
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