Quick and historical considerations.
Any important event, also enriched by centuries that have elapsed since its development, always contains a part of popular legends and beliefs.
Christian splendid example of this is my view of life "my" patron S. Lucia.
Gazing tenderly back in the past we can see how simple and much improved compared to the time spent, even small gestures form part of our daily life.
Any Christian who considers observing goes punctually at the House of the Lord to participate in the S. Mass or simply to talk confidently with the One who gave us the very existence.
Imagine for a moment that our robust freedom of worship is lacking and that we should suddenly be forced, in the future, to hide our profession of faith because of a persecutor came to power.
Indicatively This is the situation a few years before the advent of S. Lucia.
At the end of the third century, the Church enjoyed a warm peace, even public figures, military, the wife and daughter of the emperor Diocletian, our professed faith despite philosophers ever there were adverse to the new religion.
The subsequent creation of tetrarchia by Diocletian did ascend to power some cesari seeing very negatively the new religion.
From these events began sanguinosissime persecution for the Christian communities present in Syracuse, important because evangelized by the same St. Paul who stayed three days in Syracuse during his trip to Rome.
Particularly important were at the catacombs of St. Marciano, the first bishop of Syracuse in Syracuse sent directly from S. Peter to establish the first dedicated to Christ Church, after that of Antioch.
In this scenario was, as I mentioned earlier, Lucia.
His mother Eutichia suffered from a lot of bleeding and time for the grace of God to heal, the two women went to the tomb of the Blessed Agata in Catania.
It was there that during prayer Lucia fell into a deep sleep and felt S. Agata ask why was coming at her in requesting intercession for the grace because she would soon be glorified at the Lord and became important for Syracuse as she was for Catania.
Hearing this Lucia woke up and had realized that his mother was completely healed.
She returned home had repeatedly asked the same Eutichia to grant the dowry that would be affected to be able to distribute to needy poor, but had obtained as a response by the mother who had obtained when asked what would have been orphaned.
Finally Lucia, persevering as all those who build the Kingdom of God, managed to get his possessions and began to divide those who needed it, his plan was to be forever bride of Christ, the one true good of eternal salvation.
This situation came to the ears of the young husband promised Lucia which initially not created any problems since reassured by Eutichia, which had reported the intention of Lucia to buy goods for himself, but then came to the attention of enormous faith of the girl, denounced the prefect Pascasio.
Thus began the story of the martyrdom of virgin Syracuse; Pascasio the submitted an interminable and hard process with the intention of denying them anything in which she believed. The threatened to expose to public shame if he had not suffered worshiped pagan idols.
Lucia, strong faith in God, renounced always bend and then after infuriating Pascasio with his determination was ordered to be oltraggiata.
It was after this decision that Santa had to be dragged by soldiers, but nothing could move the whereabouts; even more furious Pascasio ordered it to be tied and dragged the first by a large number of soldiers and after not getting any results were linked to several pairs of oxen.
So the prodigious event said even more, because even with such a force was moved Lucia; Pascasio, therefore deemed a practitioner of magic rituals decided to sprinkle it in urine, to shatter the sortilegio, and it burn cospargendola pitch and resin .
Here yet another failure of poor Pascasio, since Lucia, his strong faith in your spouse only Jesus Christ, was not the least affected by the flames.
To this point Pascasio, who began to be mocked by the crowds, decided to put an end to the affair condemning the beheading; few moments before Lucia was definitively linked to eternal life, turning to his fellow citizens, predicted the imminent end of the persecution fall of the reign of Diocletian and said the same Syracuse that she would be revered in his home town, by the grace of the Lord Jesus Christ, as St. Agata was in Catania. It was on 13 December of 304.
Ascent spirit to the Father, worthy of honor and blessing for having sacrificed their lives for their faith in Jesus Christ, was buried near the place of martyrdom where, at the point of his martyrdom, the legend places even today the presence of a column situated, to modern times, in the basilica built in his honor.
The hypothesis of beheading is supported by the conditions in which we find ourselves today, the Corps of Santa with his head detached and missing a vertebra.
His body remained in Syracuse until 1039, when General George Maniace the Byzantine taken to give all'imperatrice Teodora.
Later, during the Crusades, the Venetians led him to the city where they currently venerated after some translations between churches in the same lagoon city, at the Church of Saints Jeremiah and Lucia outside which, from the Grand Canal, can admire the inscription: "LUCIA VIRGIN SIRACUSA MARTYR OF CHRIST IN THE TEMPLE SLEEPING FOR ITALY THE WORLD ASK LIGHT PEACE."

A miraculous event occurred in the month of May of 1646, during a terrible famine Bishop did expose the silvery image of Santa with regard to pray that intercedesse to God for the grace.
During S. Sunday Mass a dove came into the cathedral and after volteggiato repeatedly came mightily close of the presbytery.
Soon after came into the church shouting miracle because of bastimenti loads of cereals and legumes were entered into port to shelter, thus avoiding a tremendous died.
From that day the Church of Syracuse did Votic to remember the event always the first and the second Sunday of May.
Such occurrences are also called dialettalmente from Syracuse "Santa Lucia of quails' because when the silvery image during the tour of Piazza Duomo, reaches the Church of St. Badia Lucia to be made in flight raise a substantial number of doves.

In 1735, during the war that saw allies France and Spain against Emperor Charles VI of Austria and King of Sicily, the people of Syracuse was once again forced to leave their homes because of the bombing by Spain.
Being in situations of extreme hardship, the clergy had to leave their monasteries and was forced to wander in the countryside adjacent to the city, the people of Syracuse had yet turned to his patron for protection.
It was at this point that the Spanish military engineers, with respect to the holy place, went on 6 May of that year the Tomb of Saint Lucia to preserve the bombing. During the inspections inside saw that the marble statue of the saint, by Gregory Germans of 1600, had her face, hands and feet covered with a liquid similar to sweat.
At first the religious accompanying engineers thought a phenomenon due to moisture, but this is repeated in the next two days.
To this point we did remove the glass then placed around the statue and wiped with cloths repeatedly sweat, appurando that the pillow, the veil and dress were dry.
After the bombing began, but there was no victim among citizens Syracuse; even the imperial commander Marquis Orsini had emerged unscathed, despite a bomb fell on their home. The bomb itself, perfectly intact, is still preserved at the museum luciano in the Cathedral of Syracuse.
At the end of hostilities a special committee could say, listened to the witnesses, that the sweat of the day 6, 7 and 8 May 1735 was miraculous.

It represents one of the most important documents relating to the cult of Saint Lucia in Syracuse.
Found archaeologist Paolo Orsi June 22, 1894 during the exploration of the catacombs of St. John and dated around the fifth or sixth century, was probably made as funerary stone from a Christian at the tomb of his wife, translated from greek reads as follows:

Euskia, irreproachable, lived good and pure
for about 25 years, died on the feast
my Saint Lucia, for which there has praised better  Christian faithful, perfect grateful to her husband
much gratitude. "





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